Oligoarticular-persistent arthritis affects more females than males. It affects four or fewer joints. There may also be inflammation in the eye, called uveitis.
• Oligoarticular-persistent arthritis is generally the mildest form of JIA
• It affects girls more often than boys.
• It usually begins before four years of age.
• It most often affects the large joints such as the knee, ankle, wrist, and/or elbow joints.
• It can be associated with an eye disease called uveitis, which affects up to 20% of young people with this type of JIA.
It is rare to have permanent joint damage with appropriate treatment of this type of JIA. Sometimes this type of JIA goes away completely a few years after their symptoms begin. For others, the disease may last into adulthood.
Oligoarticular-extended arthritis occurs in females more often than males. It affects both large and small joints asymmetrically. There may be inflammation in the eye, called uveitis.
This type of JIA also affects four or fewer joints in the first six months after diagnosis. However, after six months or more, patients with oligoarticular-extended arthritis develop arthritis in five or more joints.
Here are a few facts about oligoarticular-extended JIA:
• Approximately 25% of children who start out with oligoarticular JIA will develop extended arthritis in more than four joints at some point.
• Oligoarticular-extended JIA can affect both large and small joints.
• This type of arthritis is often treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologic medication to control the joint inflammation
Welcome to the Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program! In this section you will learn what to expect in the program, how to get started and how to set goals to better manage JIA.
JIA stands for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Find out what causes JIA, the different types of JIA and how it will affect you now and in the future.
Diagnosing JIA may be difficult as joint pain and swelling may be a part of many different illnesses. Diagnosis of JIA typically includes a physical exam, blood tests and imaging studies.
Pain, stiffness, and tiredness or fatigue, are common symptoms of JIA. These symptoms can lead to difficulties with participating in school and sports activities, and enjoying time with your friends. Learn about pain, fatigue, and stiffness, how to manage symptoms and how these symptoms can cause stress.
There are several strategies you can use to help you cope with pain, stress, and sleep problems. These include relaxation, distraction, and managing your thoughts. In this section, learn more about how each of these strategies work.
When you know about your medications, you can talk to your doctor about them and make good choices for yourself. Find out about the different types of JIA medications, how they work, common side effects, and the importance of talking to your doctor about your medication plan.
Did you know that there are many other therapies that you can use to manage JIA symptoms? They can help to prevent complications so that you can do all the things you want to do. In this section, learn more about physical, occupational, and psychological therapies; maintaining healthy nutrition; surgical options for JIA, and more.
Your role in making decisions about your treatment plan is very important. Your health-care team and other members of your support system are available to help you make these decisions. In turn, they can help you to manage your JIA.
Whether you have JIA or not, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Find out how to stay healthy and active, learn about puberty and relationships, healthy body image, and making healthy lifestyle choices.
Sometime between the ages of 18 to 22, you most likely will transition from your pediatric rheumatologist to the adult health care setting. At that time, there are a number of things you, your family, and your health-care team can do to help make this change go smoothly.