Psoriasis is a skin disease. It is a scaly red rash that can develop on the scalp, behind the ears, on the eyelids, scalp, elbows, knees, buttocks, or in the belly button. Some people with psoriasis may also have discolouration, thickening, pits or ridges in their fingernails.
Some people with psoriasis also have arthritis. This is called psoriatic arthritis. Sometimes the psoriasis starts before the arthritis, but sometimes the arthritis begins before the psoriasis. Individuals may have a different type of JIA before the psoriasis starts. A family history of psoriasis is an important clue to the correct diagnosis.
Here are a few more things you should know about psoriatic arthritis:
• It occurs in 3% to 10% of young people who have JIA.
• It can occur at any age.
• It affects both boys and girls equally.
• It can affect a few or many joints.
• It may involve the hips or back, similar to enthesitis-related JIA.
• When the tendons of the fingers or toes become swollen or inflamed, they may look like sausages. This is called dactylitis.
• There is a moderate risk of eye disease, called uveitis.
Some young people have relatively mild psoriatic arthritis. Others have more severe disease that can last into adulthood.
Treatment depends on the severity of the disease and other complications, and can involve DMARDS and biologic medications. Some of these treatments may be different for psoriatic JIA than other types of JIA.
Welcome to the Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program! In this section you will learn what to expect in the program, how to get started and how to set goals to better manage JIA.
JIA stands for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Find out what causes JIA, the different types of JIA and how it will affect you now and in the future.
Diagnosing JIA may be difficult as joint pain and swelling may be a part of many different illnesses. Diagnosis of JIA typically includes a physical exam, blood tests and imaging studies.
Pain, stiffness, and tiredness or fatigue, are common symptoms of JIA. These symptoms can lead to difficulties with participating in school and sports activities, and enjoying time with your friends. Learn about pain, fatigue, and stiffness, how to manage symptoms and how these symptoms can cause stress.
There are several strategies you can use to help you cope with pain, stress, and sleep problems. These include relaxation, distraction, and managing your thoughts. In this section, learn more about how each of these strategies work.
When you know about your medications, you can talk to your doctor about them and make good choices for yourself. Find out about the different types of JIA medications, how they work, common side effects, and the importance of talking to your doctor about your medication plan.
Did you know that there are many other therapies that you can use to manage JIA symptoms? They can help to prevent complications so that you can do all the things you want to do. In this section, learn more about physical, occupational, and psychological therapies; maintaining healthy nutrition; surgical options for JIA, and more.
Your role in making decisions about your treatment plan is very important. Your health-care team and other members of your support system are available to help you make these decisions. In turn, they can help you to manage your JIA.
Whether you have JIA or not, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Find out how to stay healthy and active, learn about puberty and relationships, healthy body image, and making healthy lifestyle choices.
Sometime between the ages of 18 to 22, you most likely will transition from your pediatric rheumatologist to the adult health care setting. At that time, there are a number of things you, your family, and your health-care team can do to help make this change go smoothly.